«Красный знак доблести» — роман о войне американского писателя Стивен Крейн (1871-1900). Действие происходит во время американской Гражданской войны. Это история о молодом рядовом армии Союза, Генри Флеминге, который бежит с поля битвы. Сгорая от стыда, он жаждет раны, «алый знак мужества», чтобы оправдать свою трусость. Когда его полк снова сталкивается с врагом, Генри выступает в качестве знаменосца. Хотя Крейн родился после войны и не во времена описанных сражений, роман известен своей реалистичностью.

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Original description

The Red Badge of Courage is a war novel by American author Stephen Crane (1871–1900). Taking place during the American Civil War, the story is about a young private of the Union Army, Henry Fleming, who flees from the field of battle. Overcome with shame, he longs for a wound, a «red badge of courage,» to counteract his cowardice. When his regiment once again faces the enemy, Henry acts as standard-bearer. Although Crane was born after the war, and had not at the time experienced battle first-hand, the novel is known for its realism. He began writing what would become his second novel in 1893, using various contemporary and written accounts (such as those published previously by Century Magazine) as inspiration. It is believed that he based the fictional battle on that of Chancellorsville; he may also have interviewed veterans of the 124th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, commonly known as the Orange Blossoms. Initially shortened and serialized in newspapers in December 1894, the novel was published in full in October 1895. A longer version of the work, based on Crane’s original manuscript, was published in 1982.

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